I’ve made the point on previous occasions that the likes of the EDL seem to think they can smear and abuse Muslims with impunity, and counter any accusations of racism with the ‘Muslims aren’t a race’ clause. Let’s ignore for the time being the fact that the discrimination and persecution of a minority on ANY grounds is abhorrent, regardless of the spin you put on it. The anti-Muslim phenomenon has more than a whiff of déjà vu about it. The language, the fear, the paranoia. We’ve seen it all before. More than once.
We in the West have a habit of creating a bogeyman using the same formula in cyclical fashion, this time it’s the Muslims turn. Whether they want to admit it or not, the Islamophobes are guilty of an offence on a par with racism and anti-Semitism. They might have different names, but they are all part of the same beast. Islamophobia deserves the same legitimacy as any other discriminatory ideology. As if to highlight this fact Microsoft Word is leaving a wavy red line every time the word is typed, and it will be the same when I copy this onto my blog. It’s not recognised as a valid word, so it can be dismissed as a manufactured phrase concocted by the leftist dhimmis of the PC brigade. What we’re witnessing has glaring similarities with the demonising of Blacks and Jews in the past. History will show this, but that’s no consolation to Muslims today. Can we hasten the process by opening people’s eyes? I believe so.
Let’s start with anti-Semitism first, as unfortunately, the most powerful and influential figures within the Islamophobic industry seem to be pro-Israel Zionists, be they Christian or Jewish.
This is the Wiki definition.
Antisemitism (also spelled anti-semitism or anti-Semitism) is prejudice against or hostility towards Jews often rooted in hatred of their ethnic background, culture, and/or religion. In its extreme form, it “attributes to the Jews an exceptional position among all other civilizations, defames them as an inferior group and denies their being part of the nation[s]” in which they reside. A person who holds such views is called an “antisemite”.
The word was in use long before the Nazi era, but only after the end of WWII and the full extent of the Holocaust was realised did it become a pejorative term.
Here’s the corresponding definition of Islamophobia.
Islamophobia is prejudice against, hatred or fear of Islam or Muslims. The term seems to date back to the late 1980s, but came into common usage after the September 11, 2001 attacks in the United States to refer to types of political dialogue that appeared prejudicially resistant to pro-Islamic argument.
In 1997, the British Runnymede Trust defined Islamophobia as the “dread or hatred of Islam and therefore, to the fear and dislike of all Muslims,” stating that it also refers to the practice of discriminating against Muslims by excluding them from the economic, social, and public life of the nation. It includes the perception that Islam has no values in common with other cultures, is inferior to the West and is a violent political ideology rather than a religion.
Already we can see striking similarities between the two, which shouldn’t be a huge surprise. Let’s compare.
Antisemitism is prejudice against or hostility towards Jews often rooted in hatred of their ethnic background, culture, and/or religion.
Islamophobia is prejudice against, hatred or fear of Islam or Muslims.
Give or take a few words they’re virtually interchangeable. Notice that prejudice against Judaism and Islam, the faiths themselves, in the definition. If anti-Semitism is considered a form of racism why not Islamophobia?
A number of accusations are made against Muslims and Islam in order to justify Islamophobic sentiments or actions. One angle is the use of the Qur’an and Hadith to prove that any criminal, violent or deviant behaviour from Muslims is the norm due to their adherence to the word of Allah and the example of Muhammad. The Anti-Defamation League produced a document in 2003 addressing the issue of misusing the Talmud to propagate anti-Semitism. It highlighted 5 common claims made.
Hussein Ibish, an agnostic secularist, addresses each one in relation to Islam.
• “Jews are intent on subjugating non-Jews around the world and even on committing genocide against them” – this finds obvious and clear parallels in the constant refrain that Islam is bent on world conquest and the subjugation of all non-Muslims as “dhimmis” or worse, and in the frequent allegation that Islam has a genocidal attitude towards non-Muslims.
• “Jewish law enjoins or permits Jews to murder non-Jews whenever feasible” – one of the most familiar charges against Islam and Muslims is that “infidels” may or must be killed.
• “Jews are permitted to lie without moral or religious compunction” – Islamophobes frequently claim that Islam authorizes, permits or even encourages Muslims to deceive non-Muslims, as in the calumnies about taqiyyah I have written about in previous Ibishblog postings.
• “Judaism condones the sexual molestation of young girls” – obviously the charge of pedophilia against the Prophet Muhammad is closely echoed here, as are a whole slew of charges that Islam permits, mandates or does not forbid a wide range of sexual perversions and abuses. More on this from the Ibishblog will be forthcoming.
• “Judaism is ‘more of a crime syndicate than a religion.’” – in Islamophobic discourse, it is frequently alleged that Islam is “more of an extremist political movement” (recall statements to this effect by Ayaan Hirsi Ali cited In a recent Ibishblog post, for example) or some such bizarre formulation, than a religion.
The fact that so many Jews and others that hold Israel dear are some of the most prolific exponents of this dishonest fear mongering is perhaps the most depressing aspect of it.
One of the standard tactics in demonising the ‘other’, and creating a ‘them’ and ‘us’ divide, is the process of dehumanising the target. It’s designed to ease the act of victimisation as the victim is deemed to be sub-human. Its ultimate purpose in war-time propaganda is to make mass murder and genocide more palatable or even necessary. Hitler’s Nazi propaganda machine was ruthless and relentless in this aspect.
Here are a few examples of how the language used by Nazi propagandists is mirrored by today’s Islamophobes.
“Of course the Jew is a human being too. None of us has ever doubted it. But a flea is also an animal. But not a very pleasant one. Since a flea is not a pleasant animal, we have no duty to protect and defend it, to take care of it so that it can bite and torment and torture us. Rather, we make it harmless. It is the same with the Jews.” Joseph Goebbels
Jewry in every century, in every people, was and remained a foreign body, a destroyer of real and ideal values, a denier of any upward progress, a plague for body and soul. It sneaks in through deceit and treachery, trickery and slyness, murder and assault, understanding how to establish itself. Hermann Esser, Die jüdische Weltpest
Just as a goat does not become a horse, even if his father and grandfather were in the same stall, a Jew can never become a German, even if his ancestor came to Germany as a peddler in Varus’ army. Unattributed
The Jews are a parasitic race that feeds like a foul fungus on the cultures of healthy but ignorant peoples. There is only one effective measure: cut them out. Goebbels
There are differences between people just as there are differences between animals. Some people are good, others bad. The same is true of animals. The fact that the Jew still lives among us is no proof that he belongs among us, just as a flea is not a household pet simply because it lives in a house. Goebbels
“Muslims don’t eat during the day during Ramadan” and “fast during the day and eat at night,” they are “sort of like cockroaches.” Neal Boortz
Not all Muslims from the Middle East and southeast Asia want to kill us, but those who do blend in with those who don’t. Would anyone tolerate a slow-spreading cancer because it wasn’t fast-spreading? Probably not. You’d want it removed.” Cal Thomas
They’re all brainwashed, though. That’s what it is. And they’re stupid to begin with, but they’re brainwashed now. Stinking animals. They ought to drop the bomb right there, kill ’em all right now. Sid Rosenberg, MSNBC
She said Western culture was superior to Islam and Muslim immigrants in the West had “multiplied like rats”. Oriana Fallaci
“The Arabs are donkeys and beasts. They are inferior. What do they want? To take our women. They say we are racist. In reality, they are the wicked and cruel ones. They are imbued with the filth of the snake. There are pure and impure, and they are impure.” Rabbi Yitzhak Batzri
“The establishment of this school is an act of abomination and impurity. One can’t mix impure and pure. Of course we must stay apart from all the nations. You must stand in the breach and prevent this. It is forbidden to mix darkness with light. The nation of Israel is pure. The Arabs are a nation of donkeys. They are an affliction, a demon, a pestilence. “Why, one may ask, did God not create them to walk on all fours, since they are donkeys? The reason is that they must build and clean, but must always understand that they are donkeys. There is no room for them in our schools.” Rabbi David Batzri
One of the most infamous pieces of wartime propaganda was the film ‘The Eternal Jew’.
One of the shots early in the film shows a pack of rats emerging from a sewer, juxtaposed with a crowd of Jews in a bustling street of a Polish city. Close-ups of individuals show sickly, malformed facial features. The narration says that, as rats are the vermin of the animal kingdom, Jews are the vermin of the human race and similarly spread disease and corruption. (Wikipedia)
Here’s the introduction from the official Nazi Party review.
The Eternal Jew is the first film that not only gives a full picture of Jewry, but provides a broad treatment of the life and effects of this parasitic race using genuine material taken from real life. It also shows why healthy peoples in every age have responded to the Jews with disgust and loathing, often enough expressing their feelings though deeds. Just like rats, the Jews 2000 years ago moved from the Middle East to Egypt, at that time a flourishing land.
A cursory glance at the comments on the EDL Facebook pages will reveal that one of the most common names given to Muslims is ‘Muzrat’, and is usually used in conjunction with vermin or some comparison to disease or plague. The newest labels that seem to be doing the rounds are ‘Koranimals’ or ‘Islanimals’. All designed to relegate Muslims to subhuman status.
In 1941 Goebbels wrote an article called ‘The Jews are Guilty’ which was issued to every German. It was at a time when all Jews were forced to wear a yellow star and the holocaust was underway. It included 10 points that he urged needed to be remembered. I have re-produced them below with comparisons to statements made recently about Muslims and Islam.
1. The Jews are our destruction. They started this war and direct it. They want to destroy the German Reich and our people. This plan must be blocked.
Followers of the Islamic culture believe in one religion and one opinion meant to overtake the world through a Muslim crusade of blood and infidel bodies. Shlomo Engel
The real threat we are facing today is that Islam has a strategic plan to conquer and occupy America. Rev. David Clippard
2. There are no distinctions between Jews. Each Jew is a sworn enemy of the German people. If he does not make his hostility plain, it is only from cowardice and slyness, not because he loves us.
A direct equivalent to the ‘no such thing as a moderate Muslim’ mantra, and topped off with a taqiyya disclaimer.
Sir, prove to me that you are not working with our enemies. I’m not accusing you of being an enemy, but that’s the way I feel, and I think a lot of Americans will feel that way. Glen Beck
To believe that a good Islam and a bad Islam exist goes against all reason. Oriana Fallaci
We need to…keep pressing these people until we defeat or chase them back to their caves or in other words get rid of them. I don’t subscribe to the principle that there are good Muslims and bad Muslims. John Deady, co-chair of the New Hampshire Veterans for Rudy
Moderate Muslims are those who watch non-Muslims being killed, but still say Allah u Akbar when the killing is happening. Anders Gravers, founder of Stop the Islamization of Europe (SIOE)
3. The Jews are to blame for each German soldier who falls in this war. They have him on their conscience, and must also pay for it.
This can be seen in the media coverage given to deaths and attacks occurring in Afghanistan, Israel and Palestine. The reporting we witness in the West is only half of the story. We’re notified of each tragic death of young British soldiers, but hear nothing of the thousands of innocent women and children killed by drone attacks in Waziristan or by Israeli forces in Gaza. On the rare occasions they do get coverage, we’re told the targets were ‘insurgents’ or ‘militants’. Because of the unbalanced media coverage and demonization, we’re encouraged to believe that what happens in a war zone is acceptable and necessary.
4. If someone wears the Jewish star, he is an enemy of the people. Anyone who deals with him is the same as a Jew and must be treated accordingly. He earns the contempt of the entire people, for he is a craven coward who leaves them in the lurch to stand by the enemy.
All Muslims in the United States should be identified with a crescent-shape tattoo or a distinctive arm band. Jerry Klein
A feature of these 10 points is the tarring of anyone who doesn’t stand against the Jews as enemies. It echoes the accusations made by Islamophobes of the ‘leftist elite’, ‘marxists’ or dhimmis that constitute anyone not sharing their viewpoint. The ‘you’re either with us or against us’ stance.
5. The Jews enjoy the protection of our enemies. That is all the proof we need to show how harmful they are for our people.
The New York Times, the Washington Post, CNN and other media outlets bow in subservience to Islamic fear mongers, warmongers and terrorists. Randall Terry
Robert Frost said of liberals that they’re incapable of taking their own side in a fight. We will see how deeply a degenerate form of liberalism has penetrated our souls. Randall Terry
We need to execute people like John Walker in order to physically intimidate liberals, by making them realize that they can be killed, too. Otherwise, they will turn out to be outright traitors. Anne Coulter
I think the government should be spying on all Arabs, engaging in torture as a televised spectator sport, dropping daisy cutters wantonly throughout the Middle East and sending liberals to Guantanamo. Anne Coulter
Even Islamic terrorists don’t hate America like liberals do. They don’t have the energy. If they had that much energy, they’d have indoor plumbing by now. Anne Coulter
6. The Jews are the enemy’s agents among us. He who stands by them aids the enemy.
Stealth Jihad and dhimmitude anyone?
With this said, what will America do about the enemies in our midst? Continue to put our heads in the sand and ape the idiotic rantings from the propaganda press? – “Islam is a religion of peace”; “Islam welcomes all faiths”; “George W. Bush is the biggest enemy of freedom, not al-Qaida”; and other asinine babblings of the political left, or will real men rise up, demand that the FBI put every mosque and imam in America under constant surveillance. Ellis Washington
I’ll stand by that number of 85 percent. This is an enemy living amongst us. Rep. Peter King
7. The Jews have no right to claim equality with us. If they wish to speak on the streets, in lines outside shops or in public transportation, they should be ignored, not only because they are simply wrong, but because they are Jews who have no right to a voice in the community.
To me, “inclusion” means “tolerance,” nothing more…. They can be a part of our cultural traditions if they choose to be, but we will not recognize their traditions as equivalent to ours because in our eyes, they aren’t. They can be included, but that means that their traditions will be tolerated. Z. Dwight Billingsly
There is a depressingly extensive list of statements made that express the wish for Muslims to be treated as 2nd class citizens. The parallels between them, the Nazi view of Jews and the laws of Jim Crow era America are clear. More on this later.
8. If the Jews appeal to your sentimentality, realize that they are hoping for your forgetfulness, and let them know that you see through them and hold them in contempt.
America must come to the realization that you cannot trust anything these radical Islamic followers may say to you. After all, they endorse lying to non-believers. Walid Shoebat
Hearing Walid Shoebat say that radical Islamic followers do not have to follow ANY agreement made with a non-believer proves to me that we cannot negotiate with these terrorists and they will lie to us anytime they want to lie to us. Don Swarthout, President of Christians Reviving America’s Values
9. A decent enemy will deserve our generosity after we have won. The Jew however is not a decent enemy, though he tries to seem so.
The enemy is Fundamental Islam and all who support it and they all must be destroyed. Consequently we must adopt a new paradigm – THE ONLY GOOD MUSLIM IS A DEAD MUSLIM! A few innocents shall perish, but who really cares? Muslims multiply like rodents so it’s no big deal. George m weinert V
All Muslims are programmed to kill and we can thus never negotiate with any of them. John Hagee
10. The Jews are responsible for the war. The treatment they receive from us is hardly unjust. They have deserved it all.
Muslims killed us on 9/11. Bill O’Reilly
What did we do to the Arabs? I believe Americans are the victims in that relationship. Anne Coulter
We’re not attacking Islam but Islam has attacked us. Franklin Graham
9/11 is used as the justification for any discrimination or persecution of Muslims. Its image is also invoked to ease any guilt over civilian deaths in Afghanistan, Iraq or Palestine. It seems to me that Americans and Europeans alike see 9/11 as the trigger for hostilities, rather than the culmination of a decade of American and Israeli aggression in the Middle East. Anything that happens post 9/11 can be wholly justified as they see it as a declaration of war.
One of the other accusations that the Nazi and ant-Muslim propaganda have in common, is the claim that Judaism and Islam are not religions.
Actually, the Jewish religion is nothing other than a doctrine to preserve the Jewish race. Adolf Hitler
To call this state a ‘religion’ was one of the cleverest tricks ever invented. Adolf Hitler
From this first lie that Jewry is a religion, not a race, further lies inevitably follow. Adolf Hitler
I don’t know how we can call it a religion in the traditional sense. It should be called a murderous organization that’s out to kill people. Jackie Mason
Ladies and gentlemen, we have to recognize that Islam is not a religion. It is a worldwide political movement meant on domination of the world. And it is meant to subjugate all people under Islamic law. Pat Robertson
The most ugly and offensive lie perpetuated by neo-Nazi sympathisers and the most extreme anti-Semites is Holocaust denial. To the extent that it is now actually a crime to peddle this myth. The reason that anti-Semitism is acknowledged as being as serious as classic racism can probably be attributed to this. This makes it even more sickening to hear Jews and Christian Zionists indulging in similar denial when it comes to Muslims. Step forward Pamela Geller.
Geller claims that the death camps in which thousands of Bosnian Muslims were rounded up and murdered, were fake, that they were hoaxes created by the “Western liberal media.” As many have noted, this sounds much like holocaust denial, and is just as reprehensible.
A little earlier I mentioned that there are alarming similarities between the Jim Crow laws of latter-day America and the restrictions that many commenters want to impose on Muslims today. Even if you’re not familiar with the term Jim Crow, I have no doubt you’ll be aware of that period of American history. African-Americans were not permitted to vote, not permitted to use the same restaurants, water fountains, schools, churches, public transport and interracial relationships were illegal. Think burning crosses, think lynch mobs, think KKK.
American TV evangelist and political candidate Pat Robertson has stated that only Christians and Jews should be allowed to hold public office.
There is no escaping the unfortunate fact that Muslim government employees in law enforcement, the military and the diplomatic corps need to be watched for connections to terrorism. Rev Franklin Graham
It’s time to have a Muslims check-point line in American airports and have Muslims be scrutinized. You better believe it. It’s time.
radio host. Mike Gallagher
Arrest every Muslim that comes across the state line. Rep. Saxby Chambliss (R-Ga)
Muslims and Arabs will be looking through a razor wire fence at the West … when things heat up, the profiling will only get worse, and the razor wire will be coming. Glenn Beck
Would it be wise of Western countries, in the present state of affairs, to “fence off” Islam — that is, to deny entry to foreign Muslims, to expel — regretfully, politely, and humanely, but firmly — resident foreign Muslims, and to restrict the activities of Muslim citizens (preventing them, for example, from proselytizing in our jails, or working in defense establishments)? John Derbyshire
You asked me what I would do about American Muslims. Answer is I’d put a cop in front of every mosque until I was completely satisfied nothing was going on there. James Pinkerton
Every Muslim immigrant to America who holds a green card, a visa, or who is a naturalized citizen [should] be required by law to wear a GPS tracking bracelet at all times, the government should bug their places of work and their residences and monitor all mosques and community centers. If they don’t like the idea, or if they refuse, throw their asses out of this country. “Gunny” Bob Newman
Clear calls in mainstream American media for Muslims to be monitored, profiled, segregated and victimised.
The always on point Max Blumenthal drew comparisons in a recent article following the disgusting abuse spat at Muslims by Tea Party bigots in Yorba Linda. An event organised by none other than Pamela Geller.
I could not help but think of Elizabeth Eckford, the African-American student who was forced to walk through a phalanx of violent white racists chanting “Lynch her! Lynch her!” during the federal government’s first attempt to integrate Little Rock Central High School. This iconic image was immediately recalled by the video of Muslim-American children walking through a crowd of protesters calling them terrorists, threatening them, and chanting “Go home!” as they proceeded towards a local community center for a charity event. Eckford was badly scarred by her experience; the trauma affected her life for decades. I wonder how the children who had to be marched through the gauntlet of racists in Yorba Linda will remember their experience. Back in 1957, in Little Rock Central High, an awkward, acne scarred boy sat behind Elizabeth Eckford every day in class, muttering in a low drone, “Nigger, nigger, nigger, nigger, nigger.” Harassment from him and scores of white students would eventually drive Eckford to attempt suicide several times.
Not convinced that this brand of polemics could lead to the violence perpetrated against African-Americans in the Jim Crow era? Here is a list of close to 300 acts of violence towards mosques reported in the USA, Europe and elsewhere. They range from verbal abuse and vandalism, to physical assault, fire bombings, tear gas attacks, acid bombs, shootings, cross burnings, and various acts committed with faeces and pigs blood. It also includes numerous acts of vandalism carried out on Muslim graves and cemeteries.
Add to that this list of acts against individuals. In the UK alone a woman was assaulted with her own hijab, another was wrapped in a carpet and set on fire after a burglary at her home, the robber said “This is your Eid present, you Muslim.” A teenage Muslim girl was burned and cut with glass, a Muslim man was tied to railings, hosed with water and force-fed bacon by work colleagues, an Iraqi asylum seeker was mowed down by a racist hit and run gang, and the corpse of a Muslim woman was desecrated with bacon by a hospital employee. Elsewhere on the list are numerous human & civil rights abuses, stabbings, shootings, assaults and murders, all with anti-Muslim motives. Are these crimes racist or Islamophobic? Is assaulting a woman due to the colour of her skin different and more serious than assaulting a woman due to her religion? Is burning down a Mosque in Britain today any different to burning down a ‘black’ Church in Bible belt America in the 1950’s?
The United Shades of Britain website has an excellent FAQ section that addresses numerous Islamophobic myths. Here’s an extract from an article by Aoife Tobin.
This racialisation of Islam (and Judaism), is not particularly about the concept of them as an inferior ‘race’, as it was with ‘blacks’, but it is about an antipathy towards the group, a bigotry and hostility towards people because they are part of this supposedly physically identifiable group. The traits associated with Islam are often those we have seen in ‘classic racism’ that they are dirty, promiscuous, licentious, violent and so forth. These are almost common characteristics in racialised groups, and racist epithets. The racialisation of Islam embodies all those that follow it, and ascribes them negative characteristics, that are seen as intrinsically connected to having that religion, and as immutable as skin colour. Racialising Islam is also about how you can be a Muslim but not ‘look like’ a Muslim, and you can ‘look like’ a Muslim, but not be one. The entire concept that there is a Muslim ‘look’ (which can be testified to by anybody who’s received different treatment because of the assumption they are Muslim), is a racialised concept.
Karim (America’s Media Coverage of Muslims: The Historical Roots of Contemporary Portrayals’, 2006) describes four primary representations of Muslims in the media: “having fabulous but underserved wealth”, “being barbaric and aggressive, indulging in sexual excess and the most persistent image of ‘the violent Muslim’”. This twinned with racial profiling at airports for example, and a common sense of thinking one can identify a Muslim by appearance or visual clues means they are thought of as a homogeneous group, just as ‘blacks’ were. It brings things we know, or think we know, about Islam, and cultures in Islamic countries and peoples, and gives it an essence of nature. That Muslims are ‘just like that’, rather than a very diverse group with no common feature beside Islam (and even then, different branches and practices).
So making a sweeping judgement against Islam or Muslims is wrong for the same reasons that a sweeping judgement against ‘black’ people or ‘white’ people would be, and so on that basis is formed in the same way as racism and there is no significant difference between the two.
This isn’t an issue that has just affected Blacks, Jews and Muslims though. The dehumanising, demonising and stereotyping of other peoples has been a feature of Western, Christian civilization since the dawn of time. No matter who has been demonised, or why, there is a recurring theme of playing on religious fears, the threat to ‘our’ women and portraying the ‘other’ as being barbaric, savage and primitive.
In 2011, no one in the mainstream media would dare espouse openly anti-Semitic views akin to those above. No one would express their wishes to return blacks to the status they had in the Jim Crow era, whether they held them or not. Why then, in the 21st century is it acceptable to do both of these with Muslims?
It worries me to imagine how far this could go before it is seen for what it is. Where is the tipping point? What will be the catalyst that forces people to say enough is enough? Unfortunately it will likely be a tragedy on a large scale. It scares me to imagine how large. People are dying daily in Yemen, Syria and Bahrain. Hundreds of detainees remain in Guantanamo Bay without charge. The civilian death toll in Iraq, Afghanistan and Pakistan is in the hundreds of thousands. The people of Palestine are still living in a state of apartheid under siege. How much suffering needs to be inflicted before a watershed occurs?
As long as the GWOT continues, as long as Palestinians resist, and as long as there is oil in the middle east, there will be a need to demonise Muslims and Arabs. In recent weeks we have seen anti-Muslim hearings being held and anti-Sharia laws being passed in America. We’ve seen France criminalise 0.003% of it’s population by banning the niqab. Belgium have already done this. Holland is considering the issue of Halal slaughter. Switzerland has already banned the erection of minarets. Gaza has lost women and children with no media outcry, western condemnation or political debate for a no fly zone.
My hope is that making it as uncomfortable as possible to carry out this demonising will go some way to accelerating it’s demise. Don’t let anyone tell you they can’t be racist towards Muslims, because they can and they are. From the lowliest EDL member, to Republican Senators and Heads of State. Let’s not allow them to hide behind the false claims and propaganda. It’s a huge challenge due to the semantics and misinformation in use and the political implications. The influence of the Conservative Christian right and Pro Israel lobby also cannot be underestimated. But the court of public opinion will always hold considerable power. Public opinion needs to be informed to be able to pass judgement. That’s where we come in. Let’s take this opportunity in the age of social networks and internet revolutions to help raise awareness and stop the hate. Forward, share, join, like, tweet and retweet. Let’s become the generation that said ‘Never Again’ and really meant it.